在Spring+maven项目中配置数据库连接池Druid

目录

 

 

1.Druid的简介

2.Druid组成

3.Druid功能

4.在maven项目中配置Druid

4.1pom.xml中添加依赖

4.2web.xml添加过滤器和servlet

4.3配置数据库连接池spring datasource

4.4spring 配置

4.5访问监控界面


 

1.Druid的简介

Druid是一个数据库连接池。Druid是目前最好的数据库连接池,在功能、性能、扩展性方面,都超过其他数据库连接池,包括DBCP、C3P0、BoneCP、Proxool、JBoss DataSource。Druid已经在阿里巴巴部署了超过600个应用,经过一年多生产环境大规模部署的严苛考验。Druid是阿里巴巴开发的号称为监控而生的数据库连接池。

2.Druid组成

Druid是一个JDBC组件,它包括三部分:

1、DruidDriver 代理Driver,能够提供基于Filter-Chain模式的插件体系。可以监控数据库访问性能

2、DruidDataSource 高效可管理的数据库连接池,充当数据库连接池。

3、SQLParser ,获得SQL执行日志

 

3.Druid功能

1) 可以监控数据库访问性能,Druid内置提供了一个功能强大的StatFilter插件,能够详细统计SQL的执行性能,这对于线上分析数据库访问性能有帮助。

2) 替换DBCP和C3P0。Druid提供了一个高效、功能强大、可扩展性好的数据库连接池。

3) 数据库密码加密。直接把数据库密码写在配置文件中,这是不好的行为,容易导致安全问题。DruidDruiver和DruidDataSource都支持PasswordCallback。

4) SQL执行日志,Druid提供了不同的LogFilter,能够支持Common-Logging、Log4j和JdkLog,你可以按需要选择相应的LogFilter,监控你应用的数据库访问情况。

5)扩展JDBC,如果你要对JDBC层有编程的需求,可以通过Druid提供的Filter-Chain机制,很方便编写JDBC层的扩展插件。

4.在maven项目中配置Druid

4.1pom.xml中添加依赖

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
    <artifactId>druid</artifactId>
    <version>1.1.6</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
    <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
    <version>1.8.12</version>
</dependency>

4.2web.xml添加过滤器和servlet

  <filter>
    <filter-name>DruidWebStatFilter</filter-name>
    <filter-class>com.alibaba.druid.support.http.WebStatFilter</filter-class>
    <init-param>
        <param-name>exclusions</param-name>
        <param-value>*.js,*.gif,*.jpg,*.png,*.css,*.ico,/druid/*</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <init-param>
    	<param-name>profileEnable</param-name>
    	<param-value>true</param-value>
	</init-param>
	<init-param>
        <param-name>principalCookieName</param-name>
        <param-value>USER_COOKIE</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <init-param>
        <param-name>principalSessionName</param-name>
        <param-value>USER_SESSION</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>DruidWebStatFilter</filter-name>
  <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping>

    <servlet>
      <servlet-name>DruidStatView</servlet-name>
      <servlet-class>com.alibaba.druid.support.http.StatViewServlet</servlet-class>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
      <servlet-name>DruidStatView</servlet-name>
      <url-pattern>/druid/*</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

4.3配置数据库连接池spring datasource

<!--数据库连接池配置 -->
	<bean id="dataSource" class="com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource"
		destroy-method="close" lazy-init="false">
		<property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc.driverClassName}" />
		<property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}" />
		<property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}" />
		<property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}" />
		<property name="initialSize" value="1" />
		<property name="maxActive" value="50" />
		<property name="maxWait" value="30000" />

		<property name="filters" value="stat,wall" />
		<property name="timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis" value="3000" />
		<property name="minEvictableIdleTimeMillis" value="300000" />
		<property name="validationQuery" value="SELECT 'x'" />
		<property name="testWhileIdle" value="true" />
		<property name="testOnBorrow" value="false" />
		<property name="testOnReturn" value="false" />
		<property name="poolPreparedStatements" value="true" />
		<property name="maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize"
			value="20" />
	</bean>

filters    属性类型是字符串,通过别名的方式配置扩展插件,常用的插件有:

监控统计用的filter:stat

日志用的filter:log4j

防御sql注入的filter:wall

 

timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis    有两个含义:

1) Destroy线程会检测连接的间隔时间

 2) testWhileIdle的判断依据

poolPreparedStatements  是否缓存preparedStatement,也就是PSCache。

PSCache对支持游标的数据库性能提升巨大,比如说oracle。

在mysql5.5以下的版本中没有PSCache功能,建议关闭掉。

5.5及以上版本有PSCache,建议开启。

maxOpenPreparedStatements  要启用PSCache,必须配置大于0,当大于0时,poolPreparedStatements自动触发修改为true。

在Druid中,不会存在Oracle下PSCache占用内存过多的问题,可以把这个数值配置大一些,比如说100

validationQuery用来检测连接是否有效的sql,要求是一个查询语句。如果validationQuery为null,testOnBorrow、testOnReturn、testWhileIdle都不会起作用。

testWhileIdle  false  建议配置为true,不影响性能,并且保证安全性。

申请连接的时候检测,如果空闲时间大于timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis,执行validationQuery检测连接是否有效。

testOnBorrow申请连接时执行validationQuery检测连接是否有效,做了这个配置会降低性能。

testOnReturn  false  归还连接时执行validationQuery检测连接是否有效,做了这个配置会降低性能

 

 

4.4spring 配置

<!-- druidSpring配置 -->
	<bean id="druid-stat-interceptor"
		class="com.alibaba.druid.support.spring.stat.DruidStatInterceptor">
	</bean>
	<bean id="druid-stat-pointcut" class="org.springframework.aop.support.JdkRegexpMethodPointcut"
		scope="prototype">
		<property name="patterns">
			<list>
				<value>com.albertyy.seckill.service.*</value>
				<value>com.albertyy.seckill.dao.*</value>
			</list>
		</property>
	</bean>

	<aop:config proxy-target-class="true">
		<aop:advisor advice-ref="druid-stat-interceptor"
			pointcut-ref="druid-stat-pointcut" />
	</aop:config>

 

 

4.5访问监控界面

配置好后访问 http://ip:port/projectName/druid/index.html,能够访问配置成功

 

已标记关键词 清除标记
我安装的是MAVEN3.2.3。然后在CMD,输入 mvn install:install-file -DgroupId=com.oracle -DartifactId=ojdbc6 -Dversion=11.2.0.1.0 -Dpackaging=jar -Dfile=E:\app\admin\product\11.2.0\dbhome_1\jdbc\lib\ojdbc6.jar BUILD SUCCESS。 我再回到MAVEN仓库看,也确实是有了这个JAR包。 但是跑后台的时候,就是找不到这个驱动。已经困扰两天了。实属无奈。希望大神们帮帮忙。 org.mybatis.spring.MyBatisSystemException: nested exception is org.apache.ibatis.exceptions.PersistenceException: ### Error querying database. Cause: org.springframework.jdbc.CannotGetJdbcConnectionException: Could not get JDBC Connection; nested exception is org.apache.commons.dbcp.SQLNestedException: Cannot load JDBC driver class 'oracle.jdbc.OracleDrive' ### The error may exist in file [C:\Users\admin\Desktop\MUDAO\mudao\target\classes\com\cn\mudao\mapping\UserMapper.xml] ### The error may involve com.cn.mudao.dao.IUserDao.selectByPrimaryKey ### The error occurred while executing a query ### Cause: org.springframework.jdbc.CannotGetJdbcConnectionException: Could not get JDBC Connection; nested exception is org.apache.commons.dbcp.SQLNestedException: Cannot load JDBC driver class 'oracle.jdbc.OracleDrive' at org.mybatis.spring.MyBatisExceptionTranslator.translateExceptionIfPossible(MyBatisExceptionTranslator.java:75) at org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate$SqlSessionInterceptor.invoke(SqlSessionTemplate.java:371) at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy16.selectOne(Unknown Source) at org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate.selectOne(SqlSessionTemplate.java:163) at org.apache.ibatis.binding.MapperMethod.execute(MapperMethod.java:68) at org.apache.ibatis.binding.MapperProxy.invoke(MapperProxy.java:52) at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy17.selectByPrimaryKey(Unknown Source) at com.cn.mudao.service.impl.UserServiceImpl.getUserById(UserServiceImpl.java:18) at org.zsl.testmybatis.TestMyBatis.test1(TestMyBatis.java:35) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47) at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12) at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44) at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.InvokeMethod.evaluate(InvokeMethod.java:17) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestMethodCallbacks.java:74) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestMethodCallbacks.java:83) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.SpringRepeat.evaluate(SpringRepeat.java:72) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:232) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:89) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunBeforeTestClassCallbacks.java:61) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.statements.RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.evaluate(RunAfterTestClassCallbacks.java:71) at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309) at org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.run(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.java:175) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit4.runner.JUnit4TestReference.run(JUnit4TestReference.java:50) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.TestExecution.run(TestExecution.java:38) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:467) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.runTests(RemoteTestRunner.java:683) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.run(RemoteTestRunner.java:390) at org.eclipse.jdt.internal.junit.runner.RemoteTestRunner.main(RemoteTestRunner.java:197) Caused by: org.apache.ibatis.exceptions.PersistenceException: ### Error querying database. Cause: org.springframework.jdbc.CannotGetJdbcConnectionException: Could not get JDBC Connection; nested exception is org.apache.commons.dbcp.SQLNestedException: Cannot load JDBC driver class 'oracle.jdbc.OracleDrive' ### The error may exist in file [C:\Users\admin\Desktop\MUDAO\mudao\target\classes\com\cn\mudao\mapping\UserMapper.xml] ### The error may involve com.cn.mudao.dao.IUserDao.selectByPrimaryKey ### The error occurred while executing a query ### Cause: org.springframework.jdbc.CannotGetJdbcConnectionException: Could not get JDBC Connection; nested exception is org.apache.commons.dbcp.SQLNestedException: Cannot load JDBC driver class 'oracle.jdbc.OracleDrive' at org.apache.ibatis.exceptions.ExceptionFactory.wrapException(ExceptionFactory.java:26) at org.apache.ibatis.session.defaults.DefaultSqlSession.selectList(DefaultSqlSession.java:111) at org.apache.ibatis.session.defaults.DefaultSqlSession.selectList(DefaultSqlSession.java:102) at org.apache.ibatis.session.defaults.DefaultSqlSession.selectOne(DefaultSqlSession.java:66) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:606) at org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionTemplate$SqlSessionInterceptor.invoke(SqlSessionTemplate.java:358) ... 35 more Caused by: org.springframework.jdbc.CannotGetJdbcConnectionException: Could not get JDBC Connection; nested exception is org.apache.commons.dbcp.SQLNestedException: Cannot load JDBC driver class 'oracle.jdbc.OracleDrive' at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceUtils.getConnection(DataSourceUtils.java:80) at org.mybatis.spring.transaction.SpringManagedTransaction.openConnection(SpringManagedTransaction.java:81) at org.mybatis.spring.transaction.SpringManagedTransaction.getConnection(SpringManagedTransaction.java:67) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.BaseExecutor.getConnection(BaseExecutor.java:279) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.SimpleExecutor.prepareStatement(SimpleExecutor.java:72) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.SimpleExecutor.doQuery(SimpleExecutor.java:59) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.BaseExecutor.queryFromDatabase(BaseExecutor.java:267) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.BaseExecutor.query(BaseExecutor.java:137) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.CachingExecutor.query(CachingExecutor.java:96) at org.apache.ibatis.executor.CachingExecutor.query(CachingExecutor.java:77) at org.apache.ibatis.session.defaults.DefaultSqlSession.selectList(DefaultSqlSession.java:108) ... 42 more Caused by: org.apache.commons.dbcp.SQLNestedException: Cannot load JDBC driver class 'oracle.jdbc.OracleDrive' at org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource.createDataSource(BasicDataSource.java:1136) at org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource.getConnection(BasicDataSource.java:880) at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceUtils.doGetConnection(DataSourceUtils.java:111) at org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceUtils.getConnection(DataSourceUtils.java:77) ... 52 more Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: oracle.jdbc.OracleDrive at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:366) at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:355) at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method) at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:354) at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:424) at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:308) at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:357) at java.lang.Class.forName0(Native Method) at java.lang.Class.forName(Class.java:190) at org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource.createDataSource(BasicDataSource.java:1130) ... 55 more
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